Al-Qanṭara, Vol 34, No 1 (2013)

Doctores divinos: construcción de la imagen de tres médicos greco-romanos en los diccionarios biográficos islámicos de médicos


https://doi.org/10.3989/alqantara.2013.002

Keren Abbou Hershkovits
McGill University, Canadá

Zohar Hadromi-Allouche
University of Aberdeen, Reino Unido

Resumen


Este artículo analiza la manera en que los autores de tres diccionarios biográficos islámicos medievales retrataron la vida y características de las tres figuras más destacadas de la medicina greco-romana: Asclepio, Hipócrates y Galeno. Se presta especial atención al vocabulario y al estilo empleado en las biografías, así como a su relación con otros géneros literarios o figuras. El análisis de estas biografías revela un considerable parecido entre el retrato de estos tres médicos greco-romanos y la vida de algunos profetas en el Islam, especialmente la del Profeta Muḥammad. Asimismo, estas biografías presentan elementos atribuidos a musulmanes piadosos.
Este estudio demuestra que los biógrafos musulmanes construyeron esas biografías como parte de una tendencia general a asociar la medicina con el Islam y los orígenes del saber médico con la sabiduría profética. Igualmente, sostiene que las connotaciones y el uso de esa terminología particular permite una visión positiva de la ciencia de la medicina en las obras islámicas que les dieron cabida.

Palabras clave


Islam; medicina; literatura biográfica; profecía; médicos greco-romanos; Asclepio; Hipócrates; Galeno

Texto completo:


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