Al-Qanṭara, Vol 34, No 2 (2013)

Saladino y las campañas ayyubíes en el Magreb


https://doi.org/10.3989/alqantara.2013.010

Amar Baadj
University of Toronto, Canadá

Resumen


Este artículo trata sobre la conquista de Libia y Túnez por Saladino (Salah al-Din) y los Ayyubíes en las décadas de 1170 y 1180. En primer lugar se presenta una reconstrucción de las campanas dirigidas por los mamelucos ayyubíes Sharaf al-Din Qaraqush e Ibn Qaratikin en Libia y de la guerra entre los almohades y los Ayyubíes en Ifriqiya (Túnez) basada en fuentes primarias relevantes. A continuación se estudia en qué medida Saladino fue el responsable de estas expediciones militares y, finalmente, se discute el motivo de dichas expediciones. Se llega a la conclusión de que Saladino y sus emires invadieron el Magreb con el fin de controlar los puntos septentrionales de los ejes oriental y central de las rutas comerciales que cruzaban el Sahara y con esto lograr tener acceso al oro de África Occidental que pasaba a lo largo de estas rutas. Esto ocurrió en un momento en que había una gran escasez de metales preciosos en Egipto y Saladino necesitaba efectivo para pagar sus guerras con los cruzados en Palestina.

Palabras clave


Almohades; Ayyubíes; Saladino; Sharaf al-Din Qaraqush; comercio transsahariano; oro

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