Al-Qanṭara, Vol 34, No 2 (2013)

Magia en al-Andalus: Rasā’il ijwān al-Ṣafā’, Rutbat al-ḥakīm y Gāyat al-ḥakīm (Picatrix)


https://doi.org/10.3989/alqantara.2013.011

Godefroid de Callataÿ
Université Catholique de Louvain, Bélgica

Resumen


El artículo analiza la introducción de las Rasā’il ijwān al-Ṣafā’ en al-Andalus y la implicación de esta cuestión en la historia de la ciencia y la filosofía árabes. Más particularmente, se centra en el impacto de la enciclopedia de los Hermanos de la Pureza en dos obras importantes de la literatura de al-Andalus en el campo de las ciencias ocultas: la Rutbat al-ḥakīm y la Gāyat al-ḥakīm. Retoma el tema de la autoría y cronología de estas tres obras, destacando el hecho de que el corpus de las Rasā’il es el resultado final de un proceso de compilación históricamente largo y confirmando, a partir de algunos elementos nuevos, la identificación del autor de la Rutba y de la Gāya con Maslama al-Qurṭubī (m. 964). La comparación textual de estas tres obras y, en particular, el análisis de la Rutba, obra aún inédita, permite identificar a Maslama al-Qurṭubī como el transmisor genuino del corpus ijwāniano a al-Andalus.

Palabras clave


Rasā’il ijwān al-Ṣafā’; Rutbat al-ḥakīm; Gāyat al-ḥakīm; Maslama al-Maŷrīṭī; Maslama al-Qurṭubi; magia; ciencias en al-Andalus

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