Al-Qanṭara, Vol 34, No 2 (2013)

La eficacia legal de actos de taqiyya en la jurisprudencia imami: al-Risāla fi l-taqiyya de ‛Alī al-Karakī


https://doi.org/10.3989/alqantara.2013.015

Robert Gleave
University of Exeter, Reino Unido

Resumen


La šī‛a imāmí está estrechamente asociada a la doctrina del disimulo (taqiyya). En general, los juristas imāmíes permitieron a los creyentes actuar contraviniendo a la «verdadera» šarī‛a en circunstancias de taqiyya. Para estas transgresiones permitidas no había castigo, no se incurría en pecado ni repetición ni compensación con tal de que los actores legales guardaran unos límites estipulados. En el siglo X/XVI el famoso jurista ‛Alī al-Karakī introdujo una innovación en las reglas šī‛íes de taqiyya según la cual habría una amplia categoría de actos generados por taqiyya que no implicaban pecado pero sí una transgresión legal y por lo tanto el posible requerimiento de repetir o compensar los actos cometidos. En este artículo se traduce y comenta su “Tratado del disimulo” y se analizan algunas de las reacciones posteriores que causó en la jurisprudencia šī‛í.

Palabras clave


šī‛a imāmí; disimulación; taqiyya; jurisprudencia šī‛í; ‛Alī al-Karakī

Texto completo:


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