Al-Qanṭara, Vol 39, No 1 (2018)

Discusiones sobre la teología de al-Bāqillānī en el Magreb: el Tasdīd fī šarḥ al-Tamhīd de ‘Abd al-Ŷalīl b. Abī Bakr al-Dībāŷī al-raba‘ī


https://doi.org/10.3989/alqantara.2018.005

Hassan Ansari
Institute for Advanced Study, Estados Unidos
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3048-8399

Jan Thiele
ILC-CCHS, CSIC, España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8865-5997

Resumen


En este artículo presentamos un manuscrito único de un comentario magrebí del Kitāb al-Tamhīd de al-Bāqillānī datado en el siglo V/XI. La obra se titula al-Tasdīd fī šarḥ al-Tamhīd escrita por ‘Abd al-Ŷalīl b. Abī Bakr al-Dībāŷī —también conocido como Ibn al-Ṣābūnī— quien estudió el Tamhīd con otros discípulos de al-Bāqillānī en Qayrawān. El presente estudio revisa el proceso de transmisión de la obra de al-Bāqillānī en el Occidente Islámico. Después continúa presentando al autor del comentario, reconstruyendo la génesis del texto y describiendo su contenido. La sección final escoge un capítulo del texto que se ha seleccionado para demostrar cómo al-Dībāŷī sigue la posición tardía de al-Bāqillānī con respecto a la llamada teoría de los aḥwāl- duramente criticada en el Tamhīd. El Tasdīd constituye uno de los textos más antiguos del aš‘arismo magrebí que ha llegado hasta nosotros, ofreciéndonos nuevas y valiosas perspectivas sobre la historia de esta escuela teológica en el Occidente islámico.

Palabras clave


Teología; Aš‘arismo; Magreb; Qayrawān; al-Bāqillānī; al-Dībāŷī; aḥwāl

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