Al-Qanṭara, Vol 39, No 2 (2018)

Dos fábulas antiguas en la literatura árabe clásica y sus formas en la prosa popular posterior: estudio comparativo y edición crítica


https://doi.org/10.3989/alqantara.2018.010

Amir Lerner
Tel Aviv University, Israel
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0172-7159

Resumen


Este artículo estudia una corta narración en árabe muy conocida a través de diversas versions populares documentadas en manuscritos de diferentes orígenes (Siria, Egipto y Norte de África), comenzando en el siglo XVII. La narración describe cómo un peque.o gorrión queda atrapado en la trampa de un cazador y cómo, mediante todo tipo de estratagemas y usando su ingenio, logra escapar de su terrible destino. Si bien esta narración aparece frecuentemente en los círculos tardíos más populares, muchos de sus elementos esenciales, se pueden rastrear en los escritos árabes medievales clásicos de los orígenes islámicos de Oriente y Occidente, en la mayoría de los casos como dos fábulas distintas. La historia de esta narración se mueve así entre la literatura clásica medieval y la popular premoderna. Incluso toca los márgenes de la historia de las Mil y una noches.
En un artículo reciente se ha examinado un manuscrito datado en el siglo XVII que presenta toda la narración tal y como se encuentra con el ritmo y metro del dialect egipcio en el mawwāl. El presente estudio, basado en un manuscrito, analiza en cambio la adaptación de la narrative popular a la prosa.

Palabras clave


“Al-Ṣayyād wa-l-Fakhkh wa-l- ʿUṣfūr” (“El Cazador, la Trampa y el Gorrión”); adab; Literatura popular; Las mil y una noches

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