Al-Qanṭara, Vol 39, No 2 (2018)

Equilibrio, puntuación, difusión diaplanar: hacia la comprensión del contacto temprano entre arameo y árabe


https://doi.org/10.3989/alqantara.2018.013

Jonathan Owens
University of Bayreuth, Alemania
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9807-4889

Resumen


Pocos negarían el hecho de que los árabes y los arameos comparten una larga historia común. Tampoco resulta polémico decir que ha habido una influencia basada en el contacto entre ambas lenguas. Sin embargo, lo que no ha sido reconocido hasta hoy día es la profundidad y dimensión de dicha influencia. En este trabajo presento 24 argumentos estructurales y de detalle tomados del terreno de la fonología, morfofonología, morfología y sintaxis para mostrar la amplia influencia del arameo en el árabe preislámico y de los primeros tiempos del islam. Dado que el contacto entre ambas lenguas se prolongó durante tanto tiempo, los efectos del equilibrio, de acuerdo con los términos de Dixon (1997), introdujeron un mosaico de elementos lingüísticos del arameo en el árabe. Estos elementos se presentan en términos de “difusión diaplanar”, es decir, la difusión de diferentes características entre distintas comunidades de hablantes y en épocas diversas.

Palabras clave


Árabe, arameo; contacto de lenguas antes del islam y en el islam temprano; hablas minoritarias; difusión; reconstrucción

Texto completo:


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