Al-Qanṭara, Vol 40, No 2 (2019)

De la iglesia y el foro a la mezquita y el sūq: la evolución de las ciudades mediterráneas durante el periodo omeya


https://doi.org/10.3989/alqantara.2019.009

Michael Ehrlich
Bar-Ilan University, Israel
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5912-8450

Resumen


El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar la interacción entre la ocupación musulmana de ciudades y su desarrollo urbano durante este período. ¿Cómo gestionaron los musulmanes su integración como nueva élite gobernante en el funcionamiento de las estructuras urbanas sin destruir las iglesias y las sinagogas? Los musulmanes utilizaron una política uniforme y predeterminada, cuya manifestación física sobrevive en forma de la proximidad entre iglesias y mezquitas, sobre todo en los centros urbanos. Además, esta proximidad transformó los mercados de los foros y cardisnes en aswāq.

Palabras clave


Omeyas; conquista musulmana; estructuras urbanas; mercados; iglesias; mezquitas; Mediterráneo

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