Al-Qanṭara, Vol 40, No 2 (2019)

Los Ijwān al-ṣafā’ contra el estado abasí. Acción política en relación con los diversos estados de su época


https://doi.org/10.3989/alqantara.2019.011

Mourad Kacimi
Universidad de Murcia, España
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2479-3725

Resumen


En este artículo se investiga la identidad ideológica de los autores de las Rasā’il Ijwān al-ṣafā’ y cuestiona la posible autoría de las otras obras atribuidas a los Hermanos de la pureza (al-Risāla al-ŷāmi‘a, y la Ŷāmi‘at al-ŷāmi‘a). En base al texto de estas obras de carácter teosófico, se aportan nuevos datos que esclarecen la postura política de los autores en contra del estado abasí, y se precisa su tendencia chií en contra de los califas abasíes de su época. Estos nuevos datos señalan la implicación de los Ijwān al-ṣafā’ en la acción política a través de la predicación del fin del “estado del mal” (dawlat ahl al-šarr) y el comienzo del “estado del bien” (dawlat ahl al-jayr). Se analiza el debate surgido acerca la relación de los Ijwān al-ṣafā’ con diferentes corrientes políticas opositoras al régimen abasí, y su vínculo con estados chiíes (cármatas, buyíes y fatimíes).

Palabras clave


Ijwān al-ṣafā’; política; chiismo; cármatas; buyíes; ismailismo

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