Al-Qanṭara, Vol 35, No 1 (2014)

La destrucción de libros por los tradicionistas


https://doi.org/10.3989/alqantara.2014.009

Christopher Melchert
University of Oxford, Reino Unido

Resumen


Este artículo ofrece una panorámica de la destrucción de libros especialmente por parte de los tradicionistas (compiladores, transmisores, críticos del hadiz), especialmente en el siglo IX de la era cristiana y antes, que sirve como una adenda al estudio (en curso de publicación) de Omar Ali de Unzaga sobre la quema
de libros en el islam. La destrucción de libros a causa de la desconfianza hacia la transmisión escrita ha sido analizada en profundidad por Michael Cook. Lo que me interesa añadir a la investigación previa son algunos ejemplos adicionales, unas breves consideraciones sobre la destrucción de libros en pro de la ortodoxia, y una mejor presentación de las razones piadosas para destruir libros, razones que tenían mucho que ver con la desconfianza no tanto de poner escrito el hadiz, sino de enseñarlo, en tanto que tentación para caer en la vanidad y distracción de asuntos más importantes.

Palabras clave


Destrucción de libros; desconfianza hacia la transmisión escrita; tradicionistas; enseñanza del hadiz

Texto completo:


PDF

Referencias


Abbott, Nabia, Studies in Arabic literary papyri 2: Qur'anic commentary and tradition, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1967, University of Chicago Oriental Institute publications, 76.

Abū Bakr ibn Laṭīf Kāfī, Manhaj al-imām Aḥmad fī l-ta'līl, Muḥammad 'Abd al-Nabī (ed.), Beirut, Dār Ibn Ḥazm, 1426/2005.

Berg, Herbert, The development of exegesis in early Islam, Richmond, Surrey, Curzon, 2000, Curzon studies in the Qur'ān.

Brockopp, Jonathan, "Rereading the history of early Ma liki jurisprudence," Journal of the American Oriental Society, 118 (1998), pp. 233-238. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/605894

Brown, Jonathan A.C., Hadith, Oxford, Oneworld, 2009, Foundations of Islam.

Cook, Michael, "The opponents of the writing of tradition in early Islam," Arabica, 44 (1997), pp. 437-530. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570058972582317

Crone, Patricia, "What do we actually know about Mohammed?," openDemocracy, 10 June 2008, available at http://www.opendemocracy.net/faitheurope_islam/mohammed_3866.jsp (accessed 25 February 2014).

Dickinson, Eerik, The development of early Sunnite h adi th criticism, Leiden, Brill, 2001, Islamic history and civilization, Studies and texts, 38.

Dutton, Yasin, The origins of Islamic law, Richmond, Curzon, 1999, Culture and civilization in the Middle East. Goody, Jack and Watson, Ian, "The consequences of literacy," Comparative studies in history and society, 5 (1962-3), pp. 304-345.

Günther, Sebastian, "Praise to the book! Al-Jāḥiẓ and Ibn Qutaybah on the excellence of the written word in medieval Islam," Jerusalem studies in Arabic and Islam, 32 (2006), pp. 125-143.

Judd, Steven C., Religious scholars and the Umayyads, Abingdon, Routledge, 2014, Culture and civilization in the Middle East, 40.

Melchert, Christopher, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Oxford, Oneworld, 2006.

Melchert, Christopher, "Early renunciants as ḥadīth transmitters," The Muslim world, 92 (2002), pp. 407-418. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-1913.2002.tb03750.x

Motzki, Harald, "Dating Muslim traditions," Arabica, 52 (2005), pp. 204-253. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570058053640349

Motzki, Harald, The origins of Islamic jurisprudence, Marion H. Katz (trans.), Leiden, Brill, 2002, Islamic history and civilization, studies and texts, 41.

Ong, Walter J., Orality and literacy, New York, Routledge, 1982. al-Qāḍī, Wadād, "Scholars and their books: a peculiar view from the fifth/eleventh century," Journal of the American Oriental Society, 124 (2004), pp. 627-640.

Rosenthal, Franz, "Of making many books there is no end," in George N. Atiyeh (ed.), The book in the Islamic world, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1995, pp. 33-55.

Schoeler, Gregor, "Die Frage der schriftlichen oder mündlichen Überlieferung der Wissenschaften im frühen Islam," Der Islam, 62 (1985), pp. 201-230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/islm.1985.62.2.201

Schoeler, Gregor, "Schreiben und Veröffentlichen. Zu Verwendung und Funktion der Schrift in den ersten islamischen Jahrhunderten," Der Islam, 69 (1992), pp. 1-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/islm.1992.69.1.1

Schoeler, Gregor, The genesis of literature in Islam: from the aural to the read, Shawkat M. Toorawa (rev. and trans.), Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2009, The new Edinburgh Islamic surveys.

Schoeler, Gregor, The oral and the written in early Islam, Uwe Vagelpohl (trans.), James E. Montgomery (ed.), London, Routledge, 2006, Routledge series in Middle Eastern literatures, 13.

Sezgin, Fuat, Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1967-2000, 11 vols.

Speight, Marston, "A look at variant readings in the ḥadīth, " Der Islam, 77 (2000), pp. 169-179.

Speight, Marston, "Narrative structures in the Ḥadīth," Journal of Near Eastern studies, 59 (2000), pp. 265-271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/468861

Speight, Marston, "Rhetorical argumentation in the hadith literature of Islam," Semeia, 64 (1993), pp. 73-92.

'Umar, Bashi r 'Ali, Manhaj al-imām Aḥmad fī i'lāl al-ḥadīth, Riyadh, Waqf al-Salām al-Khayrī, 1425/2005, Silsilat al-iṣdārāt al-'ilmīyah, 2, 2 vols.




Copyright (c) 2014 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Licencia de Creative Commons
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.


Contacte con la revista alqantara.cchs@cchs.csic.es

Soporte técnico soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es