Al-Qanṭara, Vol 34, No 2 (2013)

Ausente pero siempre presente: reflexiones sobre el secreto en la tradición šī‛i y en el misticismo sunní


https://doi.org/10.3989/alqantara.2013.014

Michael Ebstein
The Martin Buber Society of Fellows - The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Resumen


Este artículo analiza el ḥadīṯ que se encuentra tanto en las fuentes šī‛íes como sunníes que retrata al creyente ideal como un hombre escondido que elige practicar su religión apartado de los ojos de los otros. Según el autor, esta tradición tiene su origen en las luchas político-religiosas (fintas) del siglo II/VIII, que propiciaron una actitud piadosa de retiro de la sociedad y no participación en tiempos de lucha civil. En las versiones šī‛íes del ḥadīṯ el elemento de secreto, taqiyya, se anade a la descripción del creyente ideal. Estos motivos habrán de desempenar un papel importante en movimientos místicos como el de malāmatiyya. Aunque el esoterismo šī‛í y el misticismo sunní incorporaron hadices similares a su elaboración del santo escondido, la tradición šī‛í contribuyó particularmente al desarrollo de este tema tanto en términos ético-psicológicos como esotéricos.

Palabras clave


Taqiyya; secreto; misticismo;esoterismo; šī‛a; Malāmatiyya; santidad; walī; awliyā,; el santo oculto; Fitna; Ŷa‛far al-Sādiq; Ḏū-l-Nūn al-Miṣrī

Texto completo:


PDF

Referencias


Bibliography (Secondary Literature Only)

Amir-Moezzi, Mohammad Ali, La religion discrète: croyances et pratiques spirituelles dans l'Islam Shi'ite, Paris, J. Vrin, 2006; translated into English as The Spirituality of Shi'i Islam: Beliefs and Practices, London, I. B. Tauris-Institute of Ismaili Studies, 2011.

Amir-Moezzi, Mohammad Ali, Le guide divin dans le Shî'isme originel: aux sources de l'ésotérisme en Islam, Paris, Verdier, 1992; translated into English by D. Streight, The Divine Guide in Early Shi'ism: the Sources of Esotericism in Islam, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1994.

Arberry, Arthur John, "A Biography of Dhul-Nūn Al-Miṣrī", in Malik Ram and M.D. Ah mad (eds.), Arshi Presentation Volume (= Nazm-i Arshi), New Delhi, Majlis-i Nazr-i 'Arshi, 1965, pp. 11-27.

Böwering, Gerhard, "The Major Sources of Sulamī's Minor Qur'ān Commentary", Oriens, 35 (1996), pp. 35-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1580542

Clarke, Lynda, "The Rise and Decline of Taqiyya in Twelver Shi'ism", in Todd Lawson (ed.), Reason and Inspiration in Islam: Theology, Philosophy, and Mysticism in Muslim Thought, London, I. B. Tauris in association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies, 2005, pp. 46-63.

Cook, David, Studies in Muslim Apocalyptic, Princeton, Darwin Press, 2002.

Corbin, Henry, En Islam iranien: aspects spirituels et philosophiques, Paris, Gallimard, 1971-1972, 4 vols.

Daftary, Farhad, "The Concept of Ḥujja in Ismaili Thought", in Hinrich Biesterfeldt and Verena Klemm (eds.), Differenz und Dynamik im Islam. Festschrift für Heinz Halm zum 70. Geburtstag, Würzburg, Ergon, 2012, pp. 55-66.

De Smet, Daniel, "L'alphabet secret des Ismaéliens ou la force magique de l'écriture", Res Orientales, 14 (2002), pp. 51-60.

Ebstein, Michael, "Dū al-Nūn al-Miṣrī and Early Islamic Mysticism" (forthcoming in Arabica, 2014).

Ebstein, Michael, "Secrecy in Ismā'īlī Tradition and in the Mystical Thought of Ibn al-'Arabī", Journal Asiatique, 298, 2 (2010), pp. 303-343.

Elad, Amikam, Medieval Jerusalem and Islamic Worship: Holy Places, Ceremonies, Pilgrimage, Leiden, Brill, 1994.

Fenton, Paul, "The Hierarchy of the Saints in Jewish and Islamic Mysticism", Journal of the Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi Society, 10 (1991), pp. 12-34.

Fierro, Maribel, "Spiritual Alienation and Political Activism: The Ġurabā, in al-Andalus during the Sixth/Twelfth Century", Arabica, 47, 2 (2000), pp. 230-260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/157005800323295910

Ginzberg, Louis, The Legends of the Jews, Henrietta Szold (transl.), Philadelphia, The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1967-1969.

Hussaini, A.S., "Uways al-Qaranī and the Uwaysī Ṣūfīs", The Muslim World, 57, 2 (1967), pp. 103-113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-1913.1967.tb01248.x

Lecker, Michael, "Biographical Notes on Ibn Shihāb al-Zuhrī", Journal of Semitic Studies, 41, 1 (1996), pp. 21-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jss/41.1.21

Livne-Kafri, Ofer, "Early Muslim Ascetics and the World of Christian Monasticism", Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, 20 (1996), pp. 105-129.

Livne-Kafri, Ofer, Jerusalem in Early Islam: Selected Essays, Jerusalem, Yad Ben-Zvi, 2000 (in Hebrew).

Massignon, Louis, Essay on the Origins of the Technical Language of Islamic Mysticism, Benjamin Clark (transl.), Notre Dame, University of Notre Dame Press, 1997.

Nicholson, Reynold Alleyne, "A Historical Enquiry Concerning the Origin and Development of Sufiism", Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 38 (1906), pp. 303-348.

Nwyia, Paul, Exégèse coranique et langage mystique: nouvel essai sur le lexique technique des mystiques musulmans, Beirut, Dār al-Mashriq, 1970.

Nwyia, Paul, "Le tafsīr mystique attribué a Ġa'far Ṣādiq: édition critique", Mélanges de l'Université Saint-Joseph, 43, 4 (1968), pp. 181-230.

Schimmel, Annemarie, Mystical Dimensions of Islam, Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1975.

Sezgin, Fuat, Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, Leiden, Brill, 1967-1984, 9 vols.

Sviri, Sara, "Ḥakīm Tirmidhī and the Malāmatī Movement in Early Sufism", in Leonard Lewisohn (ed.), Classical Persian Sufism: From its Origins to Rumi, London, Khaniqahi Nimatullahi, 1993, pp. 583-613.

Sviri, Sara, "The Emergence of the Holy Man and the Spiritual Hierarchy in Islamic Mysticism: Biblical (and other) Echoes in a Muslim Woman's Dream", in Abdelwahab Meddeb and Benjamin Stora (eds.), Histoire des relations entre juifs et musulmans du Coran à nos jours, Paris, Albin Michel (forthcoming).

Taylor, John B., "Ja'far al-Ṣādiq: Spiritual Forebear of the Ṣūfīs", Islamic Culture, 40, 2 (1966), pp. 97-113.

Taylor, John B., "Man's Knowledge of God in the Thought of Ja'far al-Ṣādiq", Islamic Culture, 40, 2 (1966), pp. 195-206.

Van Ess, Josef, "Biobibliographische Notizen zur islamischen Theologie. 8. Der Kreis des Ḏū n-Nūn", Die Welt des Orients, 12 (1981), pp. 99-106.

Van Ess, Josef, Die Gedankenwelt des Ḥāriṯ al-Muḥāsibī: anhand von Übersetzungen aus seinen Schriften dargestellt und erläutert, Bonn, Orientalischen Seminars der Universit.t Bonn, 1961.

Zakharia, Katia, "Uways al-Qaranī, visages d'une légende", Arabica, 46, 2 (1999), pp. 230-258. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/157005899774229375

Sources

Al-Ājurrī, Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. al-Ḥusayn, Kitāb al-ghurabā', Badr al-Badr (ed.), Kuwait, Dār al-Khulafā' lil-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1983. Al-,Āmilī, Bahā' al-Dīn, al-Kashkūl, al-Ṭāhir Aḥmad al-Zāwī (ed.) [Cairo, Dār Iḥyā' al-Kutub al-'Arabiyya, 1961].

Al-Dhahabī, Muḥammad b. Aḥmad, Mizān al-i'tidāl fī naqd al-rijāl, 'Alī Muḥammad Mu'awwaḍ and 'Ādil 'Aḥmad 'Abd al-Mawjūd (eds.), Beirut, Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyya, 1995.

Al-Dhahabī, Muḥammad b. Aḥmad, Ta'rīkh al-islām wa-wafayāt al-mashāhīr wa-l-a'lām, 'Umar 'Abd al-Salām Tadmurī [ed.], Beirut, Dār al-Kitāb al-'Arabī, 1988.

Farīd al-Dīn, Attār, Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm, Tadhkirat al-awliyā', Reynold Alleyne Nicholson [ed.], London, Luzac, 1905.

Furāt al-Kūfī, Abū al-Qāsim b. Ibrāhīm, Tafsīr Furāt al-Kūfī, Muḥammad al-Kāẓim (ed.), Beirut, Mu'assasat al-Nu'mān, 1992.

Al-Ghazālī, Abu Ḥāmid Muḥammad b. Muḥammad, Iḥyā' 'ulūm al-dīn, Beirut, Dār al-Ma'rifa, 1983. Al-Ḥākim al-Naysābūr, Abū,'Abd Allāh Muḥammad b. 'Abd Allāh, al-Mustadrak 'alā al-ṣaḥīḥayni, Beirut, Dār al-Ma'rifa, 1998.

Al-Ḥakīm al-Tirmidhī, Abū 'Abd Allāh Muḥammad b. 'Alī, Nawādir al-uṣūl fī ma'rifat aḥādīth al-rasūl, Ismā'īl Ibrāhm 'Awadḍ (ed.), Cairo, Maktabat al-Imām al-Bukhārī, 2008.

Ibn Abī al-Dunyā, Abū Bakr 'Abd Allāh b. Muḥammad, al-Awliyā', Abū Hājir Muḥammad and al-Sa'īd b. Basyūni Zaghlūl (eds.), Beirut, Mu'assasat al-Kutub al-Thaqāfiyya, 1993.

Ibn Abī al-Ḥadīd, Sharḥ nahj al-balāgha, Abū al-Faḍl Muḥammad Ibrāhīm (ed.), [Cairo], Dār Iḥyā' al-Turāth al-'Arabī, 1967.

Ibn al-'Arabī, Muḥyī al-Dīn Abū 'Abd Allāh Muḥammad b. 'Alī, al-Kawkab al-durrī fī manāqib Dhī al-Nūn al-Miṣrī, Sa'īd 'Abd al-Fattāḥ (ed.), in Rasā'il ibn al-'arabī, Beirut, Mu'assasat al-Intishār al-'Arabī, 2002.

Ibn 'Asākir, Abū al-Qāsim 'Alī b. al-Ḥasan, Ta'rīkh madīnat Dimashq, 'Amr b. Gharāma al-'Umrawī (ed.), Beirut, Dār al-Fikr, 1995.

Ibn A'tham al-Kūfī, Abū Muḥammad Aḥmad, Kitāb al-Futūḥ, Beirut, Dār al-Nadwa al-Jadīda (=Ḥaydar Ābād, Dā'irat al-Ma'ārif al-'Uthmāniyya), n.d.

Ibn al-Athīr, Abū al-Sa'ādāt al-Mubārak b. Muḥammad, al-Mukhtār min manqib al-akhyār, Muṣṭafā 'Abd al-Qādir 'Aṭā (ed.), Beirut, Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyya, 2009.

Ibn Fahd al-Ḥillī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad, al-Taḥṣīn fī ṣifāt al-'ārifīn min al-'uzla wa-l-khumūl bi-l-asānid al-mutalaqqāt min āl al-rasūl ṣalawāt allāh 'alayhim ajma'īn, Qum, Mu'assasat al-Imām al-Mahdī, 1406 H.

Ibn Fahd al-Ḥillī, 'Uddat al-dā'ī wa-najāḥ al-sā'ī, Qum, Mu'assasat al-Ma'ārif al-Islāmiyya, 1420 H.

Ibn Ḥajar al-'Asqalānī, Abū al-Faḍl Aḥmad b. 'Alī, Lisān al-mīzān, Muḥammad 'Abd al-Raḥmān al-Mar'ashlī [ed.], Beirut, Dār Iḥyā' al-Turāth al-'Arabī, 2001.

Ibn Ḥajar al-'Asqalānī, Abū al-Faḍl Aḥmad b. 'Alī, Tahdhīb al-tahdhīb, [Beirut], Dār al-Fikr, 1984.

Ibn al-Jawzī, Abū al-Faraj 'Abd al-Raḥmān b. 'Alī, Ṣifat al-ṣafwa, Maḥmūd Fākhūri (ed.), Beirut, Dār al-Ma'rifa, 1985.

Ibn Kathīr, Abū al-Fidā Ismāīl, Tafsr al-Qurān al-'aẓīm, Muṣṭafā al-Sayyid Muḥammad et al . (eds.), Cairo, Mu'assasat Qurṭuba, 2000.

Ibn Māja, Abū 'Abd Allāh Muḥammad b. Yazīd, Sunan Ibn Māja, Ṣidqī Jamīl al-'Aṭṭār (ed.), Beirut, Dār al-Fikr, 2001.

Ibn Manẓūr, Abū al-Faḍl Muḥammad b. Mukarram, Lisān al-'arab,, Abd Allāh 'Alī al-Kabīr et al. (eds.), Beirut, Dār al-Ma'ārif, 1981.

Ibn Qutayba, Abū Muḥammad 'Abd Alla h b. Muslim, Ta'wīl mukhtalif al-ḥadīth, Beirut, Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyya, n.d.

Ibn Qutayba, Abū Muḥammad 'Abd Alla h b. Muslim, 'Uyūn al-akhbār, Beirut, Dār al-Kitāb al-'Arabī, [1982].

Ibn Shahrāshūb, Abū 'Abd Allāh Muḥammad b. 'Alī, Manāqib āl Abī Ṭālib, al-Najaf, al-Maṭba'a al-Ḥaydariyya, 1956.

Ibn Shu'ba al-Ḥarrānī, Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥasan b. 'Alī, Tuḥaf al-'uqūl an āl al-rasūl, Beirut, Mu'assasat al-A'lamī lil-Maṭbū'āt, 1974.

Ibn al-Zayyāt, Abū 'Abd Allāh Muḥammad b. Nāṣir al-Dīn, al-Kawākib al-sayyāra fī tartīb al-ziyāra, Baghdad, Maktabat al-Muthannā, n.d.

Al-Iṣfahānī, Abū Nu'aym Aḥmad b. 'Abd Allāh, Ḥilyat al-awliyā, wa-ṭabaqāt al-aṣfiyā', Beirut, Dār al-Fikr, 1996.

Al-Iṣfahānī, Abū Nu'aym Aḥmad b. 'Abd Allāh, Kitāb dhikr akhbār Iṣbahān, Sven Dedering (ed.), Leiden, Brill, 1931.

Al-Jullābī al-Hujwīrī, Abū al-Ḥasan 'Alī b. 'Uthmān, Kashf al-maḥjūb, Valentin Zhukovskii [ed.], Leningrad, 1926.

Al-Kalābādhī, Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. Iṣhāq, al-Ta'arruf li-madhhab ahl al-taṣawwuf, Aḥmad Shams al-Dīn (ed.), Beirut, Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyya, 1993.

Al-Karājakī, Abū al-Fatḥ Muḥammad b. 'Alī, Kanz al-fawā'id,, Abd Allāh Ni'ma (ed.), Beirut, Dār al-Aḍwā', 1985.

Al-Kharkūshī, Abū Sa'd 'Abd al-Malik b. Muḥammad, Manāḥil al-shifā wa-manāhil al-ṣafā bi-taḥqīq kitāb sharaf al-muṣṭafā, Nabīl al-Ghamrī (ed.), Mecca, Dār al-Bashā'ir al-Islāmiyya, 2003.

Al-Khatīb al-Baghdādī, Abū Bakr Aḥmad b. 'Alī, al-Muntakhab min kitāb al-zuhd wa-l-raqā'iq, 'Āmir Ḥasan Ṣabrī (ed.), Beirut, Dār al-Bashā'ir al-Islāmiyya, 2000.

Al-Khatīb al-Baghdādī, Abū Bakr Aḥmad b. 'Alī, Ta'rīkh Baghdād, Beirut, Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyya, 1985. Al-Khaṭṭābī al-Bustī, Abū Sulaymān Ḥamad b. Muḥammad, al-'Uzla, Cairo, 1356 H.

Al-Khū'ī, Abū al-Qāsim, Mu'jam rijāl al-ḥadīth wa-tafṣīl ṭabaqāt al-ruwāt, n.p, n.p., 1992.

Al-Kūfī, Abū Ja'far Muḥammad b. Sulaymān, Manāqib al-imām amīr al-mu'minīn 'Alī bni Abī Ṭālib, Muḥammad Bāqir al-Maḥmūdī [ed.], Qum, Majma' Ihyā' al-Thaqāfa al-Islāmiyya, 1412 H.

Al-Kulayni, Abu Ja, far Muḥammad b. Ya'qūb, al-Uṣūl min al-kāfī, 'Alī Akbar al-Ghifārī (ed.), Beirut, Dār Ṣa'b-Dār al-Ta'āruf, 1401 H. Al-Maḥmūdī, Muḥammad Bāqir, Nahj al-sa'ada fī mustadrak nahj al-balāgha, Tehran, Mu'assasat al-Ṭibā'a wa-l-Nashr, 1421 H.

Al-Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir, Biḥār al-anwār al-jāmi'a li-durar akhbār al-a'imma al-aṭhār, Beirut, Mu'assasat al-Wafā', 1983. Majmū' fīhi 'asharat ajzā' ḥadīthiyya, Nabīl Sa'd al-Dīn Jarrār (ed.), Beirut, Dār al-Bashā'ir al-Islāmiyya, 2001.

Al-Makkī, Abū Ṭālib Muḥammad b. 'Alī, Qūt al-qulūb fī mu'āmalat al-maḥbūb wa-waṣf ṭarīq al-murīd ilā maqām al-tawḥīd, 'Āṣim Ibrāhīm al-Kayyālī (ed.), Beirut, Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyya, 2005.

Al-Mawṣilī, Abū Mas'ūd al-Mu'āfāb. 'Imrān, Kitāb al-zuhd, 'Āmir Ḥasan Ṣabrī (ed.), Beirut, Dār al-Bashā'ir al-Islāmiyya, 1999.

Al-Māzandarānī, Muḥammad Ṣāliḥ, Sharḥ uṣūl al-kāfī, al-Mīrzā Abū al-Ḥasan al-Sha'rānī and al-Sayyid 'Alī'Āshūr [eds.], Beirut, Dār Iḥyā' al-Turāth al-'Arabī 2000.

Al-Mizzī, Abū al-Ḥajjāj Yūsuf b. al-Zakī, Tahdhīb al-kamāl fī asmā' al-rijāl, Bashshār 'Awwād Ma'rūf [ed.], Beirut, Mu'assasat al-Risāla, 1987.

Al-Muttaqī al-Hindī, 'Alī b. Ḥusām al-Dīn, Kanz al-'ummāl fī sunan al-aqwāl wa-l-af'āl, Bakrī Ḥayyānī and Ṣafwat al-Saqā (eds.), Beirut, Mu'assasat al-Risāla 1985.

Nu'aym b. Ḥammād, Abū 'Abd Allāh, Kitāb al-fitan, Suhayl Zakkār (ed.), Beirut, Dār al-Fikr, 1993.

Al-Nu'mānī, Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm, Kitāb al-ghayba, Beirut, Mu'assasat al-A'lamī lil-Maṭbū'āt, 1983.

Al-Qāḍī al-Nu'mān, Abū Ḥanīfa b. Muḥammad, Da'āim al-islām wa-dhikr al-ḥalāl wa-l-ḥarām wa-l-qaḍāyā wa-l-ahkām 'an ahl bayt rasūl allāh 'alayhi wa-'alayhim afḍal al-salām, Āṣif b. 'Alī Aṣghar Fayḍī (ed.), Cairo, Dār al-Ma'ārif, 1951.

Al-Qazwīnī, Zakariyā' b. Muḥammad, Āthār al-bilād wa-akhbār al-'ibād, Ferdinand Wüstenfeld (ed.), Göttingen, Dieterichschen Buchhandlung, 1848.

Quṭb al-Dīn al-Rāwandī, Abū l-Ḥusayn Sa'īd b. Hibat Allāh, al-Da'awāt, Beirut, Dār al-Murtaḍā, 1987.

Al-Reyshahrī, Muḥammad, Mīzān al-ḥikma, Beirut, Mu'assasat Dār al-Ḥadīth al-Thaqāfiyya, 2000.

Al-Sam'ānī, Abū Sa'd 'Abd al-Karīm b. Muḥammad, al-Ansāb, Beirut, Dār al-Jinān, 1988.

Al-Sharīf al-Raḍī, Nahj al-balāgha, [Beirut], Dār al-Fikr, [1960].

Al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq, Abū Ja'far Muḥammad b., Alī Ibn Bābawayh, Ṣifāt al-shī'a, Tehran, Kānūn Intishārāt 'Ābidī, n.d.

Al-Suhrawardī, Abū Ḥafṣ 'Umar b. Muḥammad, 'Awārif al-ma'āarif, Najāḥ 'Awad Ṣiyām (ed.), Cairo, Dār al-Muqaṭṭam, 2009.

Al-Suyūṭī, 'Abd al-Raḥmān b. Abī Bakr, al-Durr al-manthūr fī al-tafsīr al-ma'thūr, Beirut, Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyya, 2000.

Al-Suyūṭī, 'Abd al-Raḥmān b. Abī Bakr, al-Maknūn fī manāqib Dhī al-nūn, 'Abd al-Raḥma n Ḥasan Maḥmu d (ed.), Cairo, Maktabat al-Ādāb, 1991.

Al-Suyūṭī, 'Abd al-Raḥmān b. Abī Bakr, Tamhīd al-farsh fī al-khiṣāl al-mūjiba li-ẓilāl al-'arsh, Muḥammad Shakūr Amrīr al-Mayādīnī (ed.), [Beirut and 'Ammān], al-Maktab al-Islāmī and Dār 'Ammār, n.d. Al-Ṭabarānī, Abū al-Qāsim Sulaymān b. Aḥmad, al-Mu'jam al-awsaṭ, Ayman Sāliḥ Sha'bān and Sayyid Aḥmad Ismā'īl (eds.), Qairo, Dār al-Ḥadīth, 1996.

Al-Ṭabarānī, Abū al-Qāsim Sulaymān b. Aḥmad, al-Mu'jam al-kabīr, Ḥamdī 'Abd al-Majīd al-Salafī (ed.), [Cairo, Maktabat Ibn Taymiyya], 1983.

Al-Ṭabarānī, Abū al-Qāsim Sulaymān b. Aḥmad, al-Mu'jam al-ṣaghīr, 'Abd al-Raḥmān Muḥammad 'Uthmān (ed.), [Beirut], Dār al-Fikr, 1981. Al-Ṭabarānī,Muḥammad b. 'Alī, Bishārat al-muṣṭafā li-shī'at al-murtaḍā, al-Najaf, al-Maṭba'a al-Ḥaydariyya, 1963.

Al-Tirmidhī, Abū 'Īsā Muḥammad b. 'Īsā, al-Jāmi' al-ṣaḥīḥ wa-huwa sunan al-tirmidhī, IbrĪhīm 'Aṭwa 'Awaḍ (ed.), Cairo, Maṭba'at Muṣṭafā al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī wa-Awlādihi, 1962. Al-Ṭūsī, Abū Ja'far Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan, Amalī al-shaykh al-Ṭusī, Baghdad, al-Maktaba al-Ahliyya, 1964.

Al-Ṭūsī, Abū Ja'far Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan, Rijāl al-Ṭusī, Jawād al-Qayyūmī al-Iṣfahānī (ed.), Qum, Mu'assasat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1415 H.

Al-Tuwayjirī, Ḥammūd b. 'Abd Allāh, Itḥāf al-jamā'a bi-mā jā'a fī al-fitan wa-l-malāḥim wa-ashrāṭ al-sā'a, al-Riyāḍ, Dār al-Ṣamī'ī, 1414 H.

Al-Yāfi'ī, Abū Muḥammad 'Abd Allāh b. As'ad, Rawḍ al-rayāḥīn fī ḥikāyāt al-ṣāliḥīn, Cairo, al-Maṭb' a al-Maymaniyya, 1307 H.

Al-Zamakhsharī, Maḥmūd b. 'Umar, Rabī' al-abrār wa-nuṣūṣ al-akhbār, al-Salīm Nu'aymī (ed.), [Baghdād, Maṭba'at al-'Ānī, 1976-1982].




Copyright (c) 2013 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Licencia de Creative Commons
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.


Contacte con la revista alqantara.cchs@cchs.csic.es

Soporte técnico soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es