Al-Qanṭara, Vol 34, No 1 (2013)

Musulmanes retóricos: el Islam como testigo en la polémica cristiana anti-judía en occidente


https://doi.org/10.3989/alqantara.2013.006

Ryan Szpiech
University of Michigan, Estados Unidos

Resumen


Aunque los escritores del s. XII como Pedro Alfonso y Pedro el Venerable de Cluny atacaron las ideas musulmanas sobre Jesús y María, los autores polémicos de los ss. XIII y XIV a veces presentaron las mismas ideas de manera positiva y describieron al musulmán como un 《testigo》 de las ideas cristianas ante los judíos. En los textos del dominico Ramon Martí, el Corán mismo sirve como una 《prueba》 de las doctrinas cristianas sobre Jesús y María y en textos como el Mostrador de justicia de Abner de Burgos/Alfonso de Valladolid, a los musulmanes se los describe como 《nazarenos》. El estudio de estas imágenes permite distinguir entre la representación de los musulmanes en los textos anti-judíos y su representación en los textos anti-islámicos. Este artículo sugiere que, en los textos anti-judíos de los ss. XIII y XIV, son más determinantes las normas de la polémica anti-judía que el juicio sobre el islam que se observa en la polémica anti-musulmana.

Palabras clave


representación del Islam; polémica judío-cristiana; polémica islamo-cristiana; Ramon Martí; Alfonso Buenhombre; Alfonso de Valladolid

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